The importance of sustainable and green synthetic protocols for the synthesis of fine chemicals has rapidly increased during the last decades in an effort to reduce the use of fossil fuels and other finite resources. The replacement of common reagents by electricity provides a cost- and atom-efficient, environmentally friendly, and inherently safe access to novel synthetic routes. The selective formation of carbon? carbon bonds between two distinct substrates is a crucial tool in organic chemistry. This fundamental transformation enables access to a broad variety of complex molecular architectures. In particular, the aryl?aryl bond formation has high significance for the preparation of organic materials, drugs, and natural products. Besides well-known and well-established reductive- and oxidative-reagent-mediated or transition-metal-catalyzed coupling reactions, novel synthetic protocols have arisen, which require fewer steps than conventional synthetic approaches.