Article Details

Soft Tendril-Inspired Grippers: Shape Morphing of Programmable Polymer?Paper Bilayer Composites

Oleh   Wei Wang [-]
Kontributor / Dosen Pembimbing : Chenzhe Li, Maenghyo Cho, Sung-Hoon Ahn
Jenis Koleksi : Jurnal elektronik
Penerbit : FMIPA - Kimia
Fakultas : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (FMIPA)
Subjek : Chemistry
Kata Kunci : biomimetics, tendril, shape shifting, 3D/4D printing, soft robotics, soft gripper
Sumber : ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2018, 10, 10419?10427
Staf Input/Edit : Latifa Noor   Ena Sukmana
File : 1 file
Tanggal Input : 2019-06-21 14:57:26

Nastic movements in plants that occur in response to environmental stimuli have inspired many man-made shape-morphing systems. Tendril is an exemplification serving as a parasitic grasping component for the climbing plants by transforming from a straight shape into a coiled configuration via the asymmetric contraction of internal stratiform plant tissues. Inspired by tendrils, this study using a three-dimensional (3D) printing approach developed a class of soft grippers with preprogrammed deformations being capable of imitating the general motions of plant tendrils, including bending, spiral, and helical distortions for grasping. These grippers initially in flat configurations were tailored from a polymer?paper bilayer composite sheet fabricated via 3D printing a polymer on the paper substrate with different patterns. The rough and porous paper surface provides a printed polymer that is well-adhered to the paper substrate which in turn serves as a passive strain-limiting layer. During printing, the melted polymer filament is stretched, enabling the internal strain to be stored in the printed polymer as memory, and then it can be thermally released, which will be concurrently resisted by the paper layer, resulting in various transformations based on the different printed geometries. These obtained transformations were then used for designing grippers to grasp objects with corresponding motions. Furthermore, a fully equipped robotic tendril with three segments was reproduced, where one segment was used for grasping the object and the other two segments were used for forming a tendril-like twistless spring-like structure. This study further helps in the development of soft robots using active polymer materials for engineered systems.