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ANALISIS KEBIJAKAN KONTRAK DAN HARGA GAS METANA BATUBARA (COALBED METHANE/CBM) DI INDONESIA

Master Theses from JBPTITBPP / 2017-09-27 15:07:42
Oleh : SUDONO (NIM 22206005), Central Library Institute Technology Bandung
Dibuat : 2008, dengan 8 file

Keyword : Gas Metana-B, Model Kontrak, Kebijakan, Ekonomi, Teknis, PSC, Kontrak Usulan, Investasi

Indonesia mempunyai sumber daya Gas Metana-B mencapai kurang lebih 453 TCF. Sumber daya tersebut dinilai layak dikembangkan untuk meningkatkan pendapatan negara dan memberikan kontribusi sebesar-besarnya bagi perekonomian nasional sesuai dengan amanat UU No. 22 tahun 2001 tentang Minyak dan Gas Bumi. Pemerintah berusaha mendapatkan pendapatan sebanyak-banyaknya bagi perekonomian Negara sedangkan investor akan menitikberatkan pertimbangan pada terms and conditions kontrak yang akan diberlakukan, bersama-sama dengan faktor-faktor lainnya seperti potensi cadangan dan pasar.




Model pengembangan Gas Metana-B merupakan salah satu unsur yang akan diimplementasikan dalam kontrak, sehingga perlu dilakukan evaluasi dan kajian agar investasi dalam pengusahaan Gas Metana-B akan layak baik secara teknis maupun ekonomis serta menarik dan menguntungkan bagi para pihak (Pemerintah dan Investor). Oleh karena itu analisis kebijakan kontrak dan harga Gas Metana-B mutlak diperlukan, sehingga Pemerintah dapat mengambil keputusan secara tepat dan cepat dalam memberikan penawaran yang menarik pada wilayah kerja Gas Metana-B baru, atau menyepakati fiscal terms tertentu bersama kontraktor.




Analisis kebijakan kontrak dan harga gas dalam kajian ini didasarkan pada pertimbangan kebijakan, ekonomis dan teknis dengan mempertimbangkan model kontrak migas, model kontrak negara lain dan model kontrak yang diajukan oleh calon investor. Berdasarkan model-model tersebut dan pertimbangan perundangan-undangan, ekonomi dan teknis diusulkan suatu model kontrak yang dapat menguntungkan baik pemerintah maupun investor.




Modifikasi Kontrak Production Sharing lebih dipilih dibanding Kontrak Karya dan model kontrak lainnya karena lebih dapat diterima oleh pemerintah dan investor. Audit pemerintah adalah pre, current, dan post audit. Ketransparanan dari segala yang dikerjakan kontraktor jauh lebih baik daripada pada Kontrak Karya karena pengawasannya dilakukan setiap saat. Keuntungan kontrak tersebut adalah managemen ada di tangan pemerintah sehingga proses Indonesianisasi, transfer teknologi dan ketransparanan lebih terjamin.

Deskripsi Alternatif :

Indonesia possesses Coalbed Methane resource that amounts to around 453 TCF. This kind of resource is considered worthy of development in order to increase the national income and to give contribution at the most to the national economy, in respect of the national constitution No. 22 year 2001 regarding Oil and Natural Gas. The government makes efforts to obtain as much of the national income for economy of the country, whereas investors are more likely to focus on consideration upon terms and conditions of the contract applied, along with other factors, such as reserve potential and market.




The development model of Coalbed Methane is one of the elements implemented in the contract. Therefore, it is necessary to perform evaluation and research to make the exertion of Coalbed methane technically and economically feasible, and able to attract other parties (Government and Investors) and profitable. Consequently, the analyses of contract and gas price policy for Coalbed Methane is necessary indeed, so that the government can make a prompt and accurate decision in offering interesting bid for a new work area of Coalbed Methane, or in reaching agreement on certain fiscal terms with contractors.




The analysis of contract and gas price policy in this research is based on legal, economical, and technical considerations, referring to models of oil and gas contract, contract applied in other countries, and contracts proposed by investors. Combining those models and the above mentioned considerations, a new model of contract, which is beneficial for both government and investors, is proposed.




Modification of Production Sharing Contract (PSC) is preferred to Contract of Work and other forms of contract because it is more acceptable for both government and investor. The nature of governmental audit includes pre, current, and post audit. The transparency on everything conducted by the contractor is much better than that of Contract of Work due to continuous supervision. The advantage of this contract is that the management is in the hand of the government, so that the process of Indonesianization, technology transfer, and transparency is more definite.


Copyrights : Copyright Â(c) 2001 by ITB Central Library. Verbatim copying and distribution of this entire article is permitted by author in any medium, provided this notice is preserved.

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  • Pembimbing : Prof. Dr. Ir. Widjajono Partowidagdo dan Dr. Ir. Doddy Abdassah, Editor: Rizki Apriyanti

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