Path: TopS2-ThesesDevelopment Studies-SAPPK2008

IMPLIKASI FENOMENA BANJIR TERHADAP OPPORTUNITIES LOST

THE IMPLICATION OF FLOOD PHENOMENON TOWARD OPPORTUNITIES LOST

Master Theses from JBPTITBPP / 2017-09-27 15:28:18
Oleh : SRI SUDJARWATI (NIM 24006076), S2 - Development Studies
Dibuat : 2008, dengan 7 file

Keyword : banjir, opprtunities lost

Pada beberapa tahun belakangan ini, persoalan banjir sudah menjadi persoalan bersama, karena sebagian besar kawasan di Indonesia mengalaminya, begitu juga dengan peristiwa bencana yang terjadi di kabupaten Trenggalek pada tanggal 19 April 2006. Bencana banjir yang terjadi di kabupaten Trenggalek berjenis banjir limpasan dengan daya rusak air yang tinggi, sehingga mengakibatkan dampak kerugian yang sangat besar.

Implikasi fenomena banjir bisa berdampak pada semua aspek kegiatan, untuk pengamatan penelitian kali ini diarahkan pada sepuluh sektor dan dilakukan pada tujuh kecamatan, yaitu di Kecamatan Trenggalek Kota, Kecamatan Pogalan, Kecamatan Gandusari, Kecamatan Durenan, Kecamatan Tugu, Kecamatan Bendungan dan kecamatan Karangan. Adapun sektor yang diamati antara lain sektor pertanian, peternakan, perikanan, pendidikan, kesehatan, permukiman, pengairan, transportasi, perdagangan dan pariwisata.

Pengamatan peristiwa banjir pada penelitian kali ini tidak hanya menghitung tingkat kerugian saat banjir terjadi atau actual cost losses, namun juga memperhitungkan opportunities losses akibat peristiwa banjir. Sehingga dengan konsep ini diharapkan dapat memberikan pilihan kebijakan bagi pengambil keputusan.

Dari hasil penelitian didapat nilai actual cost losses sebesar Rp. 86.746.228.668,00 dan nilai opportunities losses sebesar Rp. 40.891.770.349,00, sementara nilai recovery cost yang telah dilakukan pemerintah pada tahun anggaran 2006 dan 2007 sebesar Rp. 14.270.468.650,00. Dengan demikian bila kebijakan yang ditetapkan tidak berpihak pada penanggulangan bencana, sehingga menyebabkan bencana banjir terulang kembali, maka seluruh nilai yang ada akan menjadi nilai total losses sebesar Rp. 141.908.467.667,00, konsep inilah yang diharapakan dapat memberikan tekanan agar kebijakan diputuskan dengan benar.

Deskripsi Alternatif :

For the past few years, Indonesia has been affected by flood disasters. Most region in Indonesia have been affected by flood. One of the examples is Trenggalek regency, which on April 19, 2006 was seriously affected by flood with greatly damaging force that resulted in a huge loss.

Among the many sectors affected by flood, only 10 (ten) sectors were studied. This study was conducted in seven different sub-district, such as : Trenggalek Kota, Pogalan, Gandusari, Durenan, Tugu, Bendungan dan Karangan. As for 10 (ten) sectors were studied such as agriculture, animal husbandry, land fishery, education, health, settlement, irrigation, transportation, trade and tourism.

Flood disaster observation in this study was to calculate the two types of losses which includes the actual cost lost and opportunity lost. It is expected that the calculations can be used by the flood policy makers in the regency.

The study found that the flood that took place in Trenggalek Regency resulted in the total loss of as much as Rp 141,908,467,667,00 rupiahs of which Rp 86,746,228,668,00 was from the actual cost lost and Rp 40,891,770,390,00 from the opportunity lost. In contrast, the Regency spent in the year of 2006 and 2007 as much as Rp 14,270,468,650,00 for the recovery cost.

Based on the fact that the flood took place twice in a row in the Regency and the total amount of the recovery cost spent by the Regency in those two years was as much as Rp 14,270,468,650,00, it can be concluded that the Regency was not serious in taking care of the flood disasters occuring in its own area. Thus, if the local government (Trenggalek Regency) cannot manage to come up with a well-thought policy for both preventing and handling flood disaster, the Regency will likely suffer the total loss caused by only one flood disaster as much as the one mentioned above.


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