Path: TopMemberyatir@lib.itb.ac.id

TELAAH TERHADAP PERMASALAHAN AIR BAKU
DI DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI (DAS)
CILIWUNG-CISADANE

Master Theses from #PUBLISHER# / 2006-08-07 11:54:58
Oleh : Budi Giyanto, S2 - Development Studies
Dibuat : 2001-02-00, dengan 1 file

Keyword :
Air baku, Daerah Aliran Sungai, Ciliwung-Cisadane

Subjek :
Studi Pembangunan

Nomor Panggil (DDC) :
T 363.739 4 GIY

Sumber pengambilan dokumen : Tesis (Magister Studi Pembangunan) (20061524)

Abstrak:


Dari segi ketersediaan sumber air handal, Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Ciliwung-Cisadane yang melalui tiga wilayah administratif Kabupaten Bogor, Kabupaten Tangerang dan Daerah Khusus Ibukota (DKI) Jakarta saat ini berada dalam kondisi kritis.


Memperhatikan persoalan di DAS Ciliwung-Cisadane tersebut dilakukan kajian yang diarahkan untuk menanggapi pokok-pokok pertanyaan berikut:


1. Bagaimanakah perkembangan ketersediaan dan kualitas sumber air di DAS Ciliwung-Cisadane.
2. Bagaimana perkembangan berbagai jenis kebutuhan air baku yang telah terjadi di DAS tersebut.
3. Bagaimanakah pola alokasi sumber sumber air di DAS Ciliwung-Cisadane dalam memenuhi berbagai jenis kebutuhan tersebut.
4. Persoalan apa saja yang teramati berkaitan dengan penyediaan dan penggunaan air baku di DAS Ciliwung-Cisadane.
5. Dengan mengacu kepada persoalan-persoalan yang teridentifikasi pada butir 4, menggagaskan arah upaya yang dipandang perlu ditempuh untuk menghindari keadaan krisis air di DAS Ciliwung-Cisadane.


Dan kajian yang dilakukan dapat dikemukakan pokok-pokok kesimpulan berikut :
1. DAS Ciliwung-Cisadane mangalami defisit air dalam pola pemanfaatannya, terutama diakibatkan oleh adanya perusakan dan penebangan hutan yang menyebabkan rusaknya daerah hulu sebagai daerah resapan yaitu kota Bogor.
2. Sebagai akibatnya saat ini DKI Jakarta, Tangerang dan Bogor merupakan daerah kawasan DAS Ciliwung-Cisadane mengalami kekurangan air baku untuk air minum, perkotaan dan industri, baik karena tingkat ketersediaannya maupun karena penurunan kualitasnya. Pengambilan air dari sumber air baku diluar DAS Ciliwung-Cisadane untuk mencukupi kekurangannya yaitu dari DAS Citarum terpaksa dilakukan.
3. Menurunnya tingkat ketersediaan disebabkan oleh berkurangnya daerah resapan, karena adanya perubahan fungsi tata guna lahan di daerah resapan air pada bagian hulu yang dulunya hutan, berubah menjadi lahan pertanian dan sebagian lagi berubah menjadi daerah real estat/ perumahan penduduk atau industri.
4. Penurunan kualitas sumber air sungai Ciliwung-Cisadane disebabkan oleh pertumbuhan penduduk dan perkembangan industri di daerah Jabotabek yang dalam banyak hal membuang limbah langsung ke sungai tanpa proses pengolahan baik berupa limbah domestik maupun industri.
5. Tingkat penggunaan air dan cara pandang masyarakat terhadap air perlu diperbaiki dalam rangka mengurangi konflik antara pengguna air bagi pertanian, industri dan permukiman.
6. Teramati masih kurangnya pengertian dan kesadaran masyarakat terhadap UU, peraturan dan penegakan hukum yang berkaitan dengan pelaksanaan pelestarian, pengelolaan dan pengaturan sumber air termasuk pemanfaatan serta pengendalian pencemaran di badan-badan air.
7. Upaya-upaya kunci yang perlu dilakukan dalam menyikapi kondisi kritis DAS Ciliwung-Cisadane adalah sebagai berikut:
a. Dalam rangka pelestarian dan pengelolaan sumber daya air Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah (RTRW) untuk Daerah Kabupaten maupun Daerah Propinsi harus secara ketat diikuti.
b. Disarankan pembentukan lembaga pada tingkat nasional yang secara khusus menangani sumber daya air dalam rangka meningkatkan koordinasi perencanaan, pengembangan dan pengelolaan sumber daya air lintas sektoral dan wilayah melalui pendekatan partisipatif. Disarankan agar lembaga tersebut mempunyai mandat untuk menetapkan kebijakan dan mengawasi pelaksanaannya agar pendayagunaan sumber daya air secara optimal dan berkelanjutan dapat terwujud.
c. Menyusun kerangka hak atas penggunaan air serta pengaturan iuran pelayanan air dan iuran pembuangan air, disertai upaya penanggulangan pencemaran air secara nyata dengan penegakan hukum yang konsisten.

Deskripsi Alternatif :

Abstract:


In terms of availability, the water resources of the Ciliwung-Cisadane River Basin, that covers three administrative regions, namely Kabupaten Bogor, Kabupaten Tangerang, and DKI Jakarta, is presentely in critical condition.


In view of the problems that arises due to the said critical conditions, a study has been undertaken to address the following issues:


1. How is the condition of the water resources in the Ciliwung-Cisadane River Basin, in terms of availability and quality?
2. How has the needs for water use for various purposes has developed in the regions whose water supply are highly dependent upon the conditions of the water resources of the river basin?
3. How have the water resources allocation in the regions of the river basin been done in catering for the needs?
4. What problems arc observed concerning the supply and demand for raw water in the regions of the river basin?
5. With reference to the problems refered to in point (4), where should efforts be directed to remedy the observed critical water supply situation of the river basin, and to prevent the sustainability of water supply to the corresponding regions?


The study that was undertaken leads to the following conclusions:


1. The regions covered by the river basin is observed to experience defisits in fulfilling the demand for water needs, partly due to the water resources allocation pattern, but mainly due the deterioration of the upstream water catchment area because of deforestation.
2. Due to the water deficit, presently DKI Jakarta, Kabupaten Tangerang, and Kabupaten Bogor are experiencing raw water suply shortage for their water treatment plants that have to
provide the needs for water for urban households, industry and commercial activities. Aside from the limited capacity of the raw water supply, the degrading quality of the raw water also pose additional supply constraints. Because of the constraint supply from Ciliwung and Cisadane, DKI Jakarta and Kabupaten Bogor are forced to get their raw water supply from other sources beyond the Ciliwung-Cisadane River Basin, namely from Citarum River.
3. The deforestation that leads to the decrease in catchment area of the Ciliwung-Cisadane River Basin is triggered by the land use changes, whereby forest areas are turned into agricultural land, real estate housing complexes and other housing settlements, as well as industry.
4. The degrading quality of the Ciliwung and Cisadane waters are due to the rapid development of the above mentioned industrial and housing complexes, many of them are not practicing appropriate wastes water treatments; in fact the majority are dumping their wastes directly to the river without any treatment.
5. Current habits of excessive water usage and the attitude of the public towards the value of water needs to be changed, so that inefficient and conflicts in water use amongst the household, industry and agriculture sectors can be better resolved.
6. The awareness and compliance to law and regulations related to water management to secure the sustainability and to prevent the pollution of water resources need to be improved through better law enforcement practices and a set of programs and initiatives.
7. A set of major efforts are considered urgently necessary to be taken to remedy the observed critical condition of the Ciliwung-Cisadane River Basin and to prevent to trend towards continued degradation in the quality and availability of raw water in the river basin:
a. In the effort of establishing better management and securing the sustainability of water resources of the river basin, it is imperative that all existing spatial planning have to be abided;
b. Establishment of a national level agency that spacifically deal with water resources, thereby participative approaches and better coordination in cross-sectoral and inter-regional planning, development and management of water resources can be realised.
c. Formulation of a framework on the right for water use and a set of regulatory instruments concerning fees, taxation and levis on water use and the release of waste water into rivers, and the corresponding laws and regulations, as well as in carrying out consistently the necessary law enforcement procedures and practices.

Beri Komentar ?#(0) | Bookmark

PropertiNilai Properti
ID PublisherJBPTITBPP
OrganisasiS
Nama KontakUPT Perpustakaan ITB
AlamatJl. Ganesha 10
KotaBandung
DaerahJawa Barat
NegaraIndonesia
Telepon62-22-2509118, 2500089
Fax62-22-2500089
E-mail Administratordigilib@lib.itb.ac.id
E-mail CKOinfo@lib.itb.ac.id

Print ...

Kontributor...

  • Pembimbing :
    Saswinadi Sasmojo, Prof., Dr., Ir.

    Scan:
    Yati Rohmah
    (2006-08-07)

    , Editor: yatir@#publisher#

File PDF...