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VEHICLE OPERATING COST OF EXPRESS BUSES (PATAS) IN JAKAR

Master Theses from / 2004-11-02 13:17:01
Oleh : Putro Agung Nugroho, S2 - Highway System Engineering
Dibuat : 1997-00-00, dengan 1 file

Keyword : This research describes an investigation of the vehicle operating cost of express buses in Jakarta.
Nomor Panggil (DDC) : T 388.404 2 NUG
Sumber pengambilan dokumen : 98/1161

Penelitian ini menjelaskan besarnya biaya operasi kendaraan bis Patas di Jakarta. Penekanan utama dalam penelitian ini adalah menggunakan pendekatan regresi untuk menentukan model matematik dari pengaruh umur kendaraan terhadap komponen biaya operasi pada beberapa rute. Ada tiga katagori kelompok rute dalam penelitian ini yang merepresentasikan panjang rute yaitu: Rute I (≤18 Km), Rute II(18 Optimum kilometerage adalah umur optimum kendaraan yang mempunyai total biaya operasi minimum. Dari ketiga rute yang ada, jika total biaya operasi tidak termasuk depresiasi maka optimum kilomerage tidak didapatkan, tetapi jika depresiasi termasuk dalam total biaya operasi maka optimum kilometerage adalah :
- Rute I pada umur kendaran 16,6 tahun
- Rute II pada umur kendaraan 17 tahun
- Rute III pada umur kendaraan 18 tahun.
Kinerja finansial adalah suatu ukuran tingkat profitibilitas dari setiap rute dan dihitung dari pendapatan per hari dibagi biaya operasi per hari. Nilai kinerja finansial paling rendah dari Rute I sebesar 0.87, untuk rute Blok M - Senen (P42) dan nilai kinerja finansial paling tinggi dari Rute I sebesar 2,17 untuk rute Pulau Gadung - Grogol (P7). Nilai kinerja finansial paling rendah dari Rute II sebesar 0. 75, untuk rute Kampung Rambutan - Blok M (P15), sementara nilai kinerja finansial paling tinggi sebesar 1,89 untuk rute Pulau Gadung - Blok M (P4). Nilai kinerja finansial paling rendah dari Rute III sebesar 0.72 untuk rute Tanjung priok - Blok M (P38), sementara nilai kinerja finansial paling tinggi sebesar 1,73 untuk rute Tanjung Priok - Kampung Rambutan (P8A).

Deskripsi Alternatif :

This research describes an investigation of the vehicle operating cost of express buses in Jakarta. A major emphasis of this study was applying a regression approach to obtaining mathematical models of the effects of vehicle age on operating cost components on some routes. There are three route categories in this research, based on route length namely: Route I (≤18 Km), Route II(18 (≤22Km). The cost components considered in the analysis were fuel, retribution fee, lubricant, tires, spareparts, maintenance, wages, license, depreciation and overhead. The results of this research found relationships between vehicle age and operating cost components. The optimum kilometerage is the age which has a minimum total vehicle operating cost. If depreciation cost was excluded from total vehicle operating cost then the optimum kilometerage was not obtained. However if depreciation cost was included in total vehicle operating cost then the optimum kilometerages were :
- Route I at age 16.6 years.
- Route II at age 17 years
- Route III at age 18 years.
The financial performance is a measure of the profitability of each route and is calculated as revenue per day divided by operating cost per day. The lowest value of financial performance on Route I was 0.87, for Blok M - Senen route (P42), and the highest value on Route I was 2.17 for Pulau Gadung - Grogol route (P7). The lowest value of financial performance on Route II was 0.75, for Kampung Rambutan - Blok M route (P15), while the highest performance was 1.89, for Pulau Gadung - Blok M route (P4). The lowest value of financial performance on Route III was 0.72, for Blok M - Tanjung Priok route (P3d), while the highest value was 1.73, for Tanjung Priok - Kampung Rambutan route (P8A).

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