Path: Top > S2-Theses > Environmental Engineering-FTSL > 2017

ANALISIS BEBAN KERJA MENTAL DAN POSTUR KERJA TERHADAP PREVALENSI MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS (MSDs) DAN KELELAHAN PADA KARYAWAN PT.KRAKATAU TIRTA INDUSTRI, CILEGON

ANALYSIS OF MENTAL WORKLOAD AND WORKING POSTURE WITH PREVALENCE OF MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS (MSDs) AND FATIGUE AMONG EMPLOYEES IN PT.KTI, CILEGON

Master Theses from JBPTITBPP / 2017-10-03 12:43:34
Oleh : RAHMAYATUL FILLACANO (NIM: 25314736), S2 - Environmental Engineering-FTSL
Dibuat : 2017-10-03, dengan 1 file

Keyword : beban kerja mental, postur kerja, prevalensi Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs), kelelahan

Beberapa penelitian sebelumnya menunjukkan bahwa beban kerja dan postur kerja merupakan faktor risiko timbulnya penyakit akibat kerja seperti Musculoskeletal Disorders dan kelelahan di berbagai industri. PT.Krakatau Tirta Industri merupakan perusahaan penyedia air bersih untuk industri lain di Cilegon dimana terdapat beberapa kegiatan seperti Perawatan dan Perbaikan pipa, Pengguna Komputer, Supervisi Kinerja Pengolahan Air, Laboratorium serta Penuangan Alum yang memiliki cara kerja dan beban kerja berbeda. Oleh sebab itu, penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui potensi keluhan MSDs dan kelelahan serta faktor penyebab yang mempengaruhi munculnya keluhan tersebut pada karyawan PT.KTI dengan melakukan penilaian pada beban kerja, postur kerja dan karakteristik individu. Penilaian beban kerja, postur kerja, prevalensi MSDs dan kelelahan menggunakan NASA-TLX, Rapid Upper Limb Assesment, Nordic Body Map dan Subjective Self Rating Test. Jumlah responden pada penelitian ini sebanyak 93 karyawan. Hasil prevalensi keluhan MSDs yang paling besar dirasakan di setiap jenis pekerjaan yaitu keluhan pada punggung bawah, pergelangan tangan, bahu, dan punggung atas. Sementara itu, hasil pemeriksaan fisik oleh dokter menunjukkan keluhan yang sering muncul pada pekerjaan Perawatan dan Perbaikan Pipa, Laboratorium dan Pengguna Komputer yaitu suspek Low Back Pain, Myalgia pada bahu dan Carpal Tunnel Syndrom. Hasil penilaian postur kerja menunjukkan nilai Grand Score RULA pada Pengguna Komputer dan Penuangan Alum berkisar antara 3-4 dan 6-7 dengan kategori Action Level 2 dan Action Level 4. PT.KTI memiliki rerata tingkat kelelahan rendah dimana untuk pekerjaan Penuangan Alum nilai rerata kelelahan lebih tinggi dibanding pekerjaan lain. Hasil uji korelasi diketahui bahwa pendidikan karyawan Pengguna Komputer memiliki hubungan terhadap keluhan punggung bawah karyawan dengan nilai Odd Ratio 3,19 kali lebih besar dialami karyawan lulusan SMA dibanding perguruan tinggi. Beban kerja dan kebutuhan mental memiliki hubungan positif terhadap kelelahan sementara usia memiliki hubungan negatif. Analisis regresi linear menunjukkan beban kerja merupakan faktor paling berpengaruh pada kelelahan PT.KTI di pekerjaan Pengguna Komputer.

Deskripsi Alternatif :

Some of previous study showed that workload and working posture were risk factors caused occupational health problem such as Musculoskeletal Disorders and Fatigue of any industry. PT.Krakatau Tirta Industri was suppliers of clean water company. There was some of working activity such as maintainance and repairing of distribution pipes, computer users for administration activity, supervision of water treatment performance, laboratory and pouring the alum which obtained differences of workload and ways of working. Therefore, this study was conducted to find the potencial symptoms of MSDs and fatigue and then determinant factors for that symptoms in PT.KTI employees by assessement of workload, working posture and individual characteristic. This was Cross-Sectional study with observation using questionnare of NASA-TLX, RULA, Nordic Body Map and Subjective Self Rating Test. The highest prevalence of MSDs experienced in every type of job was pain on lower back, wrist, shoulders, and upper back. Meanwhile, the results of physical examination by doctors showed frequent complaints on the job of Maintenance and Repairing Pipe, Laboratory and Computer Users which were suspected Low Back Pain, Myalgia on the shoulders and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.The results of the working posture assessment showed the Grand Score of RULA for Computer Users and Pouring Alum ranged between 3-4 and 6-7 with Action Level 2 and Action Level 4. PT.KTI has low fatigue level which was for the job Pouring Alum had mean greater score of fatigue than other jobs. Test of correlation test was showed that educational level of computers users had relationship to low back pain with the value of Odd Ratio was 3.19 times greater experienced by high school graduate than bachelor degree. Variable of workload and mental demands had positive relationship to feeling fatigue, while age has a negative relationship. The results of linear regression showed workload was the determinant factors can affect fatigue in PT.KTI.


Copyrights : Copyright (c) 2001 by Perpustakaan Digital ITB. Verbatim copying and distribution of this entire article is permitted by author in any medium, provided this notice is preserved.

Beri Komentar ?#(0) | Bookmark

PropertiNilai Properti
ID PublisherJBPTITBPP
OrganisasiS
Nama KontakUPT Perpustakaan ITB
AlamatJl. Ganesha 10
KotaBandung
DaerahJawa Barat
NegaraIndonesia
Telepon62-22-2509118, 2500089
Fax62-22-2500089
E-mail Administratordigilib@lib.itb.ac.id
E-mail CKOinfo@lib.itb.ac.id

Print ...

Kontributor...

  • Dr. Herto Dwi Ariesyady, ST, MT, Editor: Lili Sawaludin Mulyadi

File PDF...