Path: Top S2-Theses Transportation 2014

STUDI DWELLING TIME DAN PELAYANAN FULL STACK PETI KEMAS PADA TERMINAL BERLIAN DI PELABUHAN UTAMA TANJUNG PERAK SURABAYA

STUDY OF DWELLING TIME AND FULL STACK CONTAINER SERVICE AT TERMINAL OF BERLIAN IN PORT OF TANJUNG PERAK SURABAYA

Master Theses from JBPTITBPP / 2017-03-16 15:17:41
By : KUNCORO WIJAYANTO (NIM : 24212009), S2 - Transportation
Created : 2014, with 8 files

Keyword : Dwelling Time, Fasilitas, Full Stack, Kapal, Lapangan Penumpukan, Peti kemas, Perencanaan, Terminal Berlian

Permintaan pelayanan peti kemas di pelabuhan Tanjung Perak khususnya Terminal Berlian selalu meningkat. Permasalahan timbul apabila peningkatan permintaan akan pelayanan kapal peti kemas dan peti kemas tidak diikuti dalam kecukupan fasilitas lapangan penumpukan di terminal peti kemas. Jumlah arus peti kemas yang semakin besar tidak diiringi kapasitas lapangan penumpukan

yang mencukupi akan menyebabkan banyaknya peti kemas yang menumpuk di terminal, sehingga mempengaruhi dwelling time di Pelabuhan. Penelitian ini untuk menganalisis dan memberi alternatif perencanaan fasilitas terminal peti kemas Berlian oleh pihak operator pelabuhan (PT. Berlian Jasa Terminal Indonesia).

Metodologi penelitian dimulai dari metode pengumpulan data sekunder pelayanan data pelayanan kapal dan petikemas tahun 2009-2013 serta data primer berupa wawancara dan observasi lapangan terkait sistem dan prosedur pelayanan kapal dan barang. Kemudian dilakukan peramalan arus kapal dan peti kemas di masa yang akan datang dilakukan dengan metode time series projection. Hasil forecasting kapal dan peti kemas tersebut dijadikan bahan pembahasan terkait antrian kapal dan juga kapasitas lapangan penumpukan. Metode evaluasi

pelayanan arus kapal dan peti kemas menggunakan teori antrian dan teori kapasitas.

Pada pelayanan kapal peti kemas di Terminal Berlian didapat hasil sampai dengan tahun 2020, Po (Probabilitas bahwa fasilitas pelayanan sedang menganggur/kosong) baru mencapai 0,0073 dan Pw (Probabilitas kapal yang

datang dalam sistem tersebut harus menunggu untuk dilayani) baru mencapai 0,035 diikuti dengan tingkat utilisasi baru mencapai 45 %.

Pada pelayanan peti kemas ,pihak operator dapat membagi menjadi 4 skenario sehingga Yard Occupancy Ratio (YOR) tetap stabil 75 %. Skenario I, untuk mencapai YOR 75% dengan dwelling time 4,5 hari dan sistem truck lossing

maka dibutuhkan penambahan luas lapangan penumpukan sampai tahun 2020 dengan kapasitas 11.145 Teus serta penambahan luas 33.944 m2. Skenario II, didapati hasil bahwa untuk mencapai YOR 75% dengan dwelling time 3 hari

dengan sistem truck lossing sampai dengan tahun 2020 dengan kapasitas 7.430 Teus serta penambahan luas 7.629 m2. Skenario III, untuk mencapai YOR 75% dengan dwelling time 4,5 hari dengan sistem full stacking sampai dengan tahun 2020 dengan kapasitas 24.074 Teus serta penambahan luas 125.523 m2. Skenario IV, untuk mencapai YOR 75% dengan dwelling time 3 hari dengan sistem full stacking sampai dengan tahun 2020 dengan kapasitas 16.049 Teus serta penambahan luas 68.682 m2. Kesimpulan, pihak BJTI tidak perlu menambah fasilitas pelayanan kapal berupa HMC sampai dengan tahun 2020, dikarenakan antrian pelayanan kapal sampai dengan tahun 2020 masih rendah. Terkait kapasitas pelayanan peti kemas, BJTI mengantisipasi kenaikan jumlah permintaan pelayanan peti kemas dengan penambahan lahan penumpukan yang sesuai Rencana Induk Pelabuhan Tanjung Perak Surabaya. Perluasan lapangan penumpukan sebaiknya diikuti dengan

penurunan dwelling time pelayanan peti kemas, sehingga tingkat YOR tetap stabil 75%.

Description Alternative :

Container service request in Port of Tanjung Perak especially Terminal of Berlian has always increased following the expansion of trade in the Domestic

and International. Problems arise when an increased demand for services in container ships and container are not followed in the adequacy of the facility yard in container terminals. The number of container flows are not accompanied by an increasingly large container yard capacity is sufficient to cause a number of containers piled up at the terminal, thus affecting the dwelling time in port. This research was carried out to analyze and provide an alternative in planning requirement facilities for container terminal of Berlian that owned by the port operators (PT. Berlian Jasa Terminal Indonesia).

The research methodology starts from secondary data collection methods of services data of vessel and container service in 2009-2013 as well as primary data

in the form of interviews and field observations related to systems and procedures of vessel and container. Then performed flow forecasting and container ships in the future be done by the method of time series projection. Forecasting results of the container vessel and used as discussion material related to the queue of vessel

and also the capacity of the container yard. methods of evaluation of services and container ships using queuing theory and the theory of capacity.

In the container vessel service in BerlianTerminal got the result that until 2020, only reached 0.0073 Po ((The probability that the service facility is idle/empty) and Pw (Probability of vessel coming into the system must wait to be served) reached 0,035 followed by the utilization rate reached 45%. Based on these calculations can be concluded that up to 2020 do not need to invest additional equipment Harbour Mobile Crane (HMC).

While in the service of container, the operator can be split into 4 scenarios, so Yard Occupancy Ratio (Yor) remained stable 75%. In the first scenario, the

results found that to achieve Yor 75% with dwelling time of 4.5 days with truck lossing system until 2020 takes the addition of 33.944 m2 large yard with a capacity of 11.145 TEUs. 2nd scenario, it was found that to achieve the results YOR 75% with dwelling time 3 days with truck lossing system needed additional 7.629 m2 yard wide with a capacity of 7.430 TEUs. 3rd scenario, the results found that to achieve YOR 75% with dwelling time of 4.5 days with a full stacking system then takes additional area of 125.523 m2 yard with capacity 24.074 TEUs. 4th scenario, the results found that to achieve YOR 75% with dwelling time 3 days with a full system then takes the addition of extensive stacking yard 68.682 m2 with a capacity of 16.049 TEUs.

The result of this study is the BJTI not need to increase the such as service facility HMC ships until 2020, because the queue of ships up to 2020 is still low. However related service capacity container, BJTI parties should anticipate increased container demand services with the addition of a buildup of land

according to the Master Plan of Port of Tanjung Perak Surabaya. Expansion of the yard should be followed by a decrease in container dwelling time of service, so that the level remains stable YOR 75%.

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PropertyValue
Publisher IDJBPTITBPP
OrganizationS2 - Transportation
Contact NameUPT Perpustakaan ITB
AddressJl. Ganesha 10
CityBandung
RegionJawa Barat
CountryIndonesia
Phone62-22-2509118, 2500089
Fax62-22-2500089
Administrator E-maildigilib@lib.itb.ac.id
CKO E-mailinfo@lib.itb.ac.id

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  • Pembimbing :
    Dr. Ir. Gatot Yudoko, MSc;
    Dr. Ir. Heru Purboyo, HP., DEA, Editor: Alice Diniarti

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