Path: TopS2-ThesesUrban and Regional Planning-SAPPK2008

KAJIAN PENGARUH PROGRAM AGROPOLITAN TERHADAP USAHA TANI HORTIKULTURA DI KECAMATAN X KOTO KABUPATEN TANAH DATAR

Master Theses from JBPTITBPP / 2017-10-09 10:25:30
Oleh : HARNIWATI B.J. (NIM.25406050), S2 - Regional and City Planning
Dibuat : 2008, dengan 8 file

Keyword : Agropolitan, Hortikultura, Budidaya, Pemasaran, Kelembagaan; Agropolitan, Horticulture, On Firm, Marketing, Institution
Nomor Panggil (DDC) : T 711.063 HAR
Sumber pengambilan dokumen : 20090844

Kecamatan X Koto, Sumatera Barat ditetapkan sebagai wilayah agropolitan berdasarkan SK Bupati Tanah Datar, No. 265/BTD-2004 tanggal 17 Juni 2004, dengan kegiatan utama usaha tani hortikultura sayur dataran tinggi. Salah satu tujuan pengembangan kawasan agropolitan adalah untuk meningkatkan pendapatan dan kesejahteraan masyarakat melalui percepatan pertumbuhan wilayah. Diharapkan program agropolitan akan berdampak positif terhadap perkembangan ekonomi masyarakat tani.

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui sejauh mana pengaruh program agropolitan terhadap peningkatan usaha tani hortikultura dan sejauh mana usaha tani hortikultura dapat meningkatkan pendapatan dan kesejahteraan masyarakat di Kabupaten Tanah Datar khususnya di Kawasan agropolitan. Secara spesifik sasaran kajian meliputi 3 (tiga) aspek usaha tani hortikultura yaitu si stem budidaya, sistem pengolahan dan pemasaran hasil pertanian, dan sistem kelembagaan. Dengan metode acak sederhana diambil 250 sampel dari 3 (tiga) nagari sampel yaitu Nagari Koto Baru, Nagari Paninjauan dan Nagari Panyalaian. Wilayah ini dipilih berdasarkan kesesuaian lahan, ketersediaan sarana dan prasarana dan dominasi lahan sayuran di masing-masing nagari. Berdasarkan sampel, wawancara dan observasi lapangan dilakukan analisis dengan metode deskriptif evaluatif serta metode untung rugi usaha tani.

Pengaruh program agropolitan terhadap usaha tani hortikultura di Kecamatan X Koto Kabupaten Tanah Datar ternyata mempunyai dampak yang beragam sesuai dengan aspek dan indikator usaha tani hortikultura. Dampak program agropolitan yaitu keahlian petani dalam melakukan budidaya meningkat, kualitas sarana dan prasarana pemasaran semakin baik serta lembaga-lembaga petani mulai berkembang di kawasan agropolitan.

Secara umum hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa program agropolitan di Kecamatan X Koto Kabupaten Tanah Datar belum membawa dampak yang berarti terhadap usaha tani maupun dalam meningkatkan pendapatan dan kesejahteraan petani. Untuk itu direkomendasikan agar dilakukan peningkatan kemampuan menajemen usaha dan keuangan petani, mengaktifkan Sub Terminal Agribisnis Koto Baru dan meningkatkan kapasitas pasar nagari Koto Baru, serta percepatan transformasi lembaga tradisional menjadi lembaga modern untuk mendukung usaha tani.

Deskripsi Alternatif :

X Koto District, as the center of highland-vegetable horticulture business in West Sumatra Province, is assigned as agropolitan based on the Decree of Regency Head (Bupati) of Tanah Datar No.265/BTD-2004 of June 17th, 2004. The purpose of agropolitan area development is to improve the welfare of the people. It is expected that the program has positive impacts to the farmer.

The research aimed to find out what is the influence of agropolitan program to improve of horticulture business and how extensive the business can increase profit and public welfare in Tanah Datar Regency especially in Agropolitan Area. In specific, the assessment involves 3 (three) aspect in terms of firm system, processing and marketing of agricultural product and institution system. A simple random survey of farmers was conducted with 250 samples from 3 (three) in Koto Baru Village, Paninjauan Village and Panyalaian Village. These villages were selected because of its land suitability for horticulture product, infrastructure availability and domination of vegetable in each area. Using a descriptive analytical method, the data and the field observation results are analyzed. A business loss-profit calculation is also used as a tool of assessment.

Agropolitan program impacts are variously to the horticulture business in X Koto District as related to aspects and indicators of horticultural business. Impacts of agropolitan program are mainly increasing the skill of farmers, qualities of marketing facilities improvement, and farmer organization and institution development.

In general agropolitan program has not significantly affected the development of farm business or improved the profit and public welfare. Thus, it is recommended that improvement of managerial skill and financial knowledge skill in farm sector, must be done. Activating Agribusiness Sub Terminal (STA) and increasing the capacity of market in Koto Baru Village would be needed. Accelerating transformation of traditional institution to be a modem and advanced organization for support of horticulture business would be valuable.


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