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INTEGRATED PUBLIC AND ROAD TRANSPORT NETWORK SYSTEM FOR BANDUNG METROPOLITAN AREA (INDONESIA)

Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Vol. 5, 2005
Gray literature from JBPTITBPP / 2007-02-14 18:47:33
Oleh : Ofyar Z. Tamin, Department of Civil Engineering (ofyar@trans.si.itb.ac.id)
Dibuat : 2005-00-00, dengan 1 file

Keyword :
Urban Transportation, Public Transport, Road Network System

Abstract:
The population of Bandung Metropolitan Area (BMA) is over 6.5 million and expected to reach 8.4 million people in the year 2010 and further will come close to 12 million people in the year 2030. Due to rapid development, traffic problems in Bandung is considerably becoming very serious. The construction of several ring-roads and highways have not solved the traffic problem while the completion of even the new toll road (Jakarta-Cikampek-Padalarang-Bandung) and other additional access roads will bring traffic problem in the city to a more serious matter in the sense of traffic congestions not only on every access road but also on road networks within Bandung. This may due to the road space is very limited in BMA (only 5% of the total Bandung area) and inefficient public transport services.

Therefore, to relief with this growing traffic congestion, a solution towards it must be made. A comprehensive integrated public transport strategy is thought to be essential and absolutely required, consisting of rail-based main corridors together with road-based feeder systems. Moreover, a comprehensive traffic management schemes is also required to be implemented together with the integrated public transport strategy.

A present public transport in Bandung is provided by conventional bus services, paratransits (angkots), taxis, and minibuses. Minibuses and paratransits are operated by independent private owners and comprise the majority of the transport services. Due to the operation of various public transports in the crowded parts of the city, traffic congestions happen everywhere even on artery roads. These are already some rail connections, of which some are still in operation, others are no longer used. Those rail networks are crossing the city, mostly through the central area. If such suburban rail network is improved and the system is supported by adequate feeder road transport system, an integrated urban and suburban public transport system all together can serve the need of the traffic as demanded.

This paper will mention the development of an integrated urban and suburban public and road transport network system for BMA by stressing the method in choosing the potential main corridors (rail-based) together with their feeders (road-based). Several scenarios in choosing the potential corridors will be discussed. Several combination of strategies have been tested for BMA and several conclusions will be given regarding its effectiveness in reducing the traffic congestions in terms of total transportation cost, average travel speed, and average Volume/Capacity Ratio (VCR) as well as several other environmental measures.

Deskripsi Alternatif :

Abstract:
The population of Bandung Metropolitan Area (BMA) is over 6.5 million and expected to reach 8.4 million people in the year 2010 and further will come close to 12 million people in the year 2030. Due to rapid development, traffic problems in Bandung is considerably becoming very serious. The construction of several ring-roads and highways have not solved the traffic problem while the completion of even the new toll road (Jakarta-Cikampek-Padalarang-Bandung) and other additional access roads will bring traffic problem in the city to a more serious matter in the sense of traffic congestions not only on every access road but also on road networks within Bandung. This may due to the road space is very limited in BMA (only 5% of the total Bandung area) and inefficient public transport services.

Therefore, to relief with this growing traffic congestion, a solution towards it must be made. A comprehensive integrated public transport strategy is thought to be essential and absolutely required, consisting of rail-based main corridors together with road-based feeder systems. Moreover, a comprehensive traffic management schemes is also required to be implemented together with the integrated public transport strategy.

A present public transport in Bandung is provided by conventional bus services, paratransits (angkots), taxis, and minibuses. Minibuses and paratransits are operated by independent private owners and comprise the majority of the transport services. Due to the operation of various public transports in the crowded parts of the city, traffic congestions happen everywhere even on artery roads. These are already some rail connections, of which some are still in operation, others are no longer used. Those rail networks are crossing the city, mostly through the central area. If such suburban rail network is improved and the system is supported by adequate feeder road transport system, an integrated urban and suburban public transport system all together can serve the need of the traffic as demanded.

This paper will mention the development of an integrated urban and suburban public and road transport network system for BMA by stressing the method in choosing the potential main corridors (rail-based) together with their feeders (road-based). Several scenarios in choosing the potential corridors will be discussed. Several combination of strategies have been tested for BMA and several conclusions will be given regarding its effectiveness in reducing the traffic congestions in terms of total transportation cost, average travel speed, and average Volume/Capacity Ratio (VCR) as well as several other environmental measures.

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