Path: TopS2-ThesesCivil Engineering-FTSL2009

PENGENDALIAN BANJIR KAWASAN DAYEUHKOLOT KABUPATEN BANDUNG DENGAN TINJAUAN ASPEK NON STRUKTURAL

NON STRUCTURAL FLOOD MANAGEMENT IN DAYEUHKOLOT SOUTH BANDUNG REGENCY

Master Theses from JBPTITBPP / 2017-09-27 15:23:37
Oleh : DAVID PARTONGGO OLOAN MARPAUNG (NIM : 95007330); Pembimbing : Prof. Dr. Ir. Indratmo Soekarno., M.Sc ; Ir. Endang Nursyamsu, CES, S2 - Water Resources Management
Dibuat : 2010, dengan 10 file

Keyword : Dayeuhkolot, Flood, Government policy, Institution coordination, Land use regulation, Social and economic aspect.

Dayeuhkolot yang terletak di Kabupaten Bandung merupakan salah satu kawasan dimana banjir sering terjadi. Banjir ini mengakibatkan kerugian materil dan non materil sehingga diperlukan upaya pengendalian banjir.

Penulisan ini bertujuan untuk melakukan kajian pengendalian banjir dari aspek non struktural di Dayeuhkolot Kabupaten Bandung serta menyusun upaya pengendaliannya sehingga dampak dari kerugian banjir dapat dikurangi. Dalam penelitian dilakukan penyebaran kuisioner kepada 50 responden korban banjir untuk mengetahui deskripsi banjir, upaya pengendalian, dan dampak sosial dan kerugian ekonomi akibat banjir. Analisis yang dilakukan adalah analisis kebijakan dan

kelembagaaan, analisis tata ruang, analisis sosial dan analisis ekonomi. Hasil kuisioner digunakan sebagai masukan untuk melakukan analisis tersebut. Klasifikasi Citra Satelit SPOT 5 tahun 2007 untuk mengetahui tata guna lahan dilakukan sebagai data masukan dalam analisis tata ruang. Hasil kuisioner mengidentifikasi intensitas banjir tertinggi, kedalaman genangan tertinggi, dengan durasi genangan yang paling lama, terjadi di Kelurahan Andir, Kelurahan Baleendah, Desa Cangkuang Wetan, dan Desa Cieunteung. Kerugian materil akibat banjir yaitu terjadinya kerusakan bangunan, harta benda, dan kerugian tidak dapat melakukan aktifitas ekonomi. Responden yang bersedia terhadap usulan relokasi berjumlah 78%. Responden yang menyatakan agar pemerintah segera melakukan pengerukan sungai berjumlah 90%. Hasil analisis kebijakan dan kelembagaan yaitu belum adanya masterplan pengendalian banjir dan wadah koordinasi antar institusi. Analisis tata ruang mengidentifikasi luas hutan di DAS Citarum hulu sebesar 15,7% dan

bantaran sungai di Dayeuhkolot dipadati oleh permukiman penduduk. Upaya relokasi penduduk di daerah rawan banjir dan di bantaran sungai, pembatasan pembukaan lahan baru untuk permukiman dan industri di kawasan banjir, dan pemanfaatan tegalan/kebun di pinggir sungai untuk polder, dapat dilakukan sebagai upaya pengendalian banjir, sedangkan pengerukan sungai tetap diperlukan. Analisa sosial menyatakan kebiasaan masyarakat membuang sampah ke sungai dan kegiatan pertanian di Hulu DAS Citarum hulu sebagai salah satu penyebab banjir, sehingga perlu dilakukan sosialisasi pemerintah dalam pencegahan pembuangan sampah masyarakat ke sungai dan pengaturan tata guna lahan di Hulu DAS Citarum Hulu.

Rekomendasi penelitian ini antara lain: agar segera disusun masterplan pengendalian banjir, dibentuk Dewan SDA Provinsi Jawa Barat dan TKPSDA di DAS Citarum Hulu,

disusun Perda yang mengatur pengendalian pemanfaatan kawasan Hulu DAS Citarum Hulu, penetapan kawasan rawan banjir di Dayeuhkolot oleh Pemerintah Kabupatan Bandung.

Deskripsi Alternatif :

Flood occurred frequently in Dayeuhkolot which is located in South Bandung Regency. People in Dayeuhkolot Subdistrict, Bojongsoang Subdistrict, and Baleendah Subdistrict, has suffered both of financial and non financial loss because of flood. This condition

motivates all stakeholders to carry out serious effort in flood management. This research has objective to investigate non structural flood management and to

propose non structural measure as the solution of flood management in Dayeuhkolot. Responder analysis to 50 people in Dayeuhkolot (for knowing description of flood

(inundation area and duration), for knowing the measure that has been taken for handling flood disaster, and for knowing social and economic losses) is taken as the input for government policy and institution coordination analysis, land use analysis, social and economic analysis. Satellite Image classification of SPOT 2007 in Citarum Hulu basin, is used also as data input for land use analysis. Result form responder analysis identified that highest flood intensity and longest duration of inundation were found in Andir Village , Baleendah Village, Cangkuang Wetan Village, and Cieunteung Village. Financial lost is due to property damage and economic activities-disturbance while flood occurred in those areas. 78% of Respondents are willing to be relocated. 90% of respondents are stated that government should carry out rivers dredging to prevent flood in Dayeuhkolot. Results from government policy and institution coordination analysis are: flood management measure is conducted without a flood management masterplan, and there is no organization or legislation in regulating coordination between institutions. Result from land use analysis identified that there is remain 15,7 % forest from total area in Upper Citarum basin, and flood fringe in Dayeuhkolot were loaded by housing. Due to this condition, relocation to the people that

live arround flood fringe area to other location, and restriction of land use change from agriculture and plantation to housing or industrial in vulnerable areas, can be done as non-structural floodplain management measure. Result from social analysis defined that

flood in Dayeuhkolot is also caused by people’s habit in throwing trash to the river and agriculture activity in upper coarse area of Upper Citarum Basin, so government should take action to prevent these conditions by doing socialization to Dayeuhkolot’s people not to throw their thresh to river and publishing regional land use legislation. Recommendations of this research are: government should prepare and publish flood management masterplan , form a water resources board in Jawa Barat Province, and form organization for regulating coordination between institutions related to water resources in preparing flood management masterplan. Government should publish legislation to control land use change in Upper Citarum Basin and government should determine flood plain area in Dayaeuhkolot for restriction used of housing or industrial area.

Beri Komentar ?#(0) | Bookmark

PropertiNilai Properti
ID PublisherJBPTITBPP
OrganisasiS
Nama KontakUPT Perpustakaan ITB
AlamatJl. Ganesha 10
KotaBandung
DaerahJawa Barat
NegaraIndonesia
Telepon62-22-2509118, 2500089
Fax62-22-2500089
E-mail Administratordigilib@lib.itb.ac.id
E-mail CKOinfo@lib.itb.ac.id