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Path: Top > S2-Theses > Environmental Engineering-FTSL > 2018

ANALISIS FAKTOR ERGONOMI DAN PREVALENSI KELUHAN MUSKULOSKELETAL DISORDER (MSDs) PADA PEKERJA DEPARTEMEN PRODUKSI FURNITURE (STUDI KASUS: PT.X Cirebon)

ERGONOMIC FACTOR ANALYSIS AND SYMPTOMS PREVALENCE OF MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDER (MSDs) TO FURNITURE PRODUCTION DEPARTEMENT WORKERS (CASE STUDY: PT. X CIREBON)

Master Theses from JBPTITBPP / 2018-01-11 15:29:43
Oleh : ASTRI ANINDYAJATI NIM: 25314714, S2 - Environmental Engineering-FTSL
Dibuat : 2018-01-10, dengan 1 file

Keyword : musculoskeletal disorder, postur tubuh, prevalensi keluhan, beban kerja

PT. X Cirebon merupakan industri furniture berbahan baku rotan yang menghasilkan produk jadi berupa kursi, meja, rak dan perabotan lainnya. Beberapa contoh proses produksi yang dilakukan di PT. X ialah proses bahan baku, pemotongan, penguapan & perakitan, penganyaman, packing, dll. Dalam proses kerja tersebut terdapat masalah pada postur tubuh dimana adanya gerakan postur tubuh yang janggal dan kegiatan pengangkatan beban secara manual, sehingga proses kerja yang dilakukan tersebut dapat mengindikasikan terjadinya Musculoskeletal Disorder. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi postur kerja dan mengevaluasi prevalensi keluhan MSDs serta menganalisis faktor dominan yang dapat menimbulkan keluhan MSDs pada pekerja. Data postur tubuh didapat dari rekam gambar postur tubuh pekerja saat sedang bekerja, kemudian dianalisis menggunakan Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA). Digunakan Standardized Nordic Questionnaire (SNQ) untuk mengetahui prevalensi keluhan MSDs. Data beban kerja didapat dari perkiraan beban kerja berdasarkan tingkat kebutuhan kalori menurut pengeluaran energi ketika sedang bekerja yang mengacu pada SNI. Hasil prevalensi keluhan MSDs pada pekerja menunjukkan bahwa keluhan tertinggi terdapat pada unit packing yaitu pada bagian tangan dan kaki sebesar 75%. Hasil penilaian beban kerja menunjukkan bahwa nilai rata-rata beban kerja tertinggi terdapat pada unit bahan baku yaitu 311,61 kkal per jam. Uji regresi logistik ganda pada keluhan MSDs menunjukkan bahwa postur kerja dan masa kerja merupakan faktor dominan yang dapat menimbulkan keluhan MSDs pada pekerja di unit produksi.

Deskripsi Alternatif :

PT. X Cirebon is a furniture industry that produces finished products made from rattan such as chairs, tables, shelves and other furniture. Some examples of production processes conducted at PT. X is the process of raw materials, cutting, evaporation & assembly, weaving, packing, etc. In the work process, there are problems in body posture where there is an awkward posture when working and manual lifting activity that caused the occurrence of Musculoskeletal Disorder. The aim of this research to evaluate the work posture, evaluate the prevalence of MSDs complaints and analyze the dominant factors that can lead to MSDs complain to workers. Body posture data was obtained from a picture of worker posture while working, then analyzed using Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA). Standardized Nordic Questionnaire was used to determine the prevalence of MSDs complaints. Workload data is obtained from the estimated workload based on the level of calorie needs according to energy expenditure while working which refers to SNI. The prevalence result of MSDs complaints on workers showed that the highest complaint was found in the packing unit that is on the hands and feet of 75%. The result of the workload assessment shows that the highest average workload value is in the raw material unit that is 311.61 kcal per hour. Multiple logistic regression tests on MSDs complaints indicate that posture and occupation are the dominant factors that can lead to MSDs complaints to workers in the production unit.


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