Path: Top Gray Literatures K Knowledge_Management_Research_Group_(KMRG) Ismail_Fahmi Articles

Digital Library Network in Indonesia

Gray literature from JBPTITBPP / 2007-02-14 18:47:01
Oleh : Ismail Fahmi, Knowledge Management Research Group - ITB (ismail@itb.ac.id)
Dibuat : 2001-03-01, dengan 1 file

Keyword : digital library, indonesia, gdl, knowledge management, networking

Information about digital libraries or library development in Indonesia is rare especially in international newspapers or magazines. In this article, I try to describe an enthusiastic effort to develop a digital library network in Indonesia. Starting with the use of CDS/ISIS, I look at digital library issues and the effort to create the Indonesian Digital Library Network. It is interesting to know that the development of digital library technology in Indonesia is geared by good collaboration between librarians and the young generation of information technology engineers who are starting to do some research into digital library technology.

The Beginning

CDS/ISIS is the most common database software in Indonesian libraries. It is used for bibliographic cataloguing and requires a very low machine specification. It is developed and maintained by UNESCO especially for libraries in the developing world.

The Bogor Institute of Agriculture (Institut Pertanian Bogor, IPB) has been a leader in developing library automation software based on this platform. The software is called SIPISIS. Dozens of libraries use it for their library automation system. Some libraries use commercial software while others don’t have any at all or only use CDS/ISIS for their catalogue database.

In some universities, libraries stand at the front line to adopt internet technology. They establish connections to an Internet Service Provider and offer open access for their users to surf the internet. Only one or two advanced libraries have published their bibliographic catalogue on the Web.

1998 is a significant date because it saw the beginning of a merger between librarian and IT engineer posts at the Central Library of Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB). Dr. Onno W. Purbo as the Director of the Asian Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) ITB, and the Director of the Computer Network Research Group (CNRG) ITB, was appointed Head of the library. He had been leading the development of internet infrastructure in ITB and other universities in Indonesia under the AI3 Project Japan. Together with researchers of CNRG, they started to improve the use of information technology for libraries.

The first result was the implementation of a search engine for CDS/ISIS databases. ISIS-freeWAIS-0.5, a free software enables libraries to publish their CDS/ISIS catalogue databases on the net on top of a Unix box. More than a dozen libraries have published their databases using this search engine. Four libraries ITB, PDII LIPI, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, and IPB have their own servers and have established a CDS/ISIS network via the internet called ISISOnline.

In February1999, progress was presented at IWS-99 in Osaka, Japan by the author. The system has been well developed by the Knowledge Management Research Group (KMRG) ITB and can be found at http://isisonline.lib.itb.ac.id. KMRG is a new research group that was established by CNRG to support the development of information technology for ITB Central Library.

The success of the CDS/ISIS network development has brought the group to deeper research on the true digital library. They have been working on how to manage the intellectual capital owned by universities, research groups, and other institutions in an effective and easy manner; and how to exchange knowledge amongst each other. The result is the development of the Ganesha Digital Librarysm (GDL) system.

Ganesha Digital Library

In 1999, GDL version 1 and 2 was tested at the ITB Central Library. From the web browser, librarians can upload images, full text, audio, and video files into the GDL server. Researchers can browse the collection by categories, search the database and of course, download the files.

The project was a voluntary effort of students and staff. To improve the system, a proposal on “Developing Digital Library Network in Indonesia” was submitted to the International Development Research Centre, IDRC. Many institutions would be involved in the proposed project, such as ITB Central Library, ITB Master Program, LIPI, University of Brawijaya Malang, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, and some universities in Eastern Indonesia.

In June 2000, IDRC approved a research grant of CAD60,000 to cover the cost of system development, hardware procurement, training, installation, seminars, workshop, and dissemination of the results. The software of the digital library would be distributed as free software.

The first step in this project was developing a web site for an Indonesian Digital Library Network Task Force at http://idln.itb.ac.id. This site was launched in August 2000 and contained all the information about the project including objectives, methodology, plan, progress, mailing lists and results. ACCESS readers who are interested in this effort can join the mailing list and follow progress from the web site.

The provisional digital library system was called GDL version 3.0. This prototype was installed to serve the ITB community. Hundreds of undergraduate final project, Master theses, and Ph.D. theses have been uploaded into the server that can be accessed at http://digital.lib.itb.ac.id. The site was launched by the ITB Vice Rector in a Digital Library seminar on 2nd October 2000 that was attended by hundreds of librarians from many institutions in Indonesia.

It was the first seminar to spread widely the idea of an Indonesian Digital Library Network. The most important message was “Share our knowledge for our society’s welfare”. It appeared that many institutions accepted this and are eager to join the network.

A two day workshop in Bandung was conducted after the seminar to discuss the establishment of the Indonesia DLN, interoperable metadata standards, and other important issues. Forty people from 23 institutions attended it.

Deskripsi Alternatif :

Information about digital libraries or library development in Indonesia is rare especially in international newspapers or magazines. In this article, I try to describe an enthusiastic effort to develop a digital library network in Indonesia. Starting with the use of CDS/ISIS, I look at digital library issues and the effort to create the Indonesian Digital Library Network. It is interesting to know that the development of digital library technology in Indonesia is geared by good collaboration between librarians and the young generation of information technology engineers who are starting to do some research into digital library technology.

The Beginning

CDS/ISIS is the most common database software in Indonesian libraries. It is used for bibliographic cataloguing and requires a very low machine specification. It is developed and maintained by UNESCO especially for libraries in the developing world.

The Bogor Institute of Agriculture (Institut Pertanian Bogor, IPB) has been a leader in developing library automation software based on this platform. The software is called SIPISIS. Dozens of libraries use it for their library automation system. Some libraries use commercial software while others don’t have any at all or only use CDS/ISIS for their catalogue database.

In some universities, libraries stand at the front line to adopt internet technology. They establish connections to an Internet Service Provider and offer open access for their users to surf the internet. Only one or two advanced libraries have published their bibliographic catalogue on the Web.

1998 is a significant date because it saw the beginning of a merger between librarian and IT engineer posts at the Central Library of Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB). Dr. Onno W. Purbo as the Director of the Asian Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3) ITB, and the Director of the Computer Network Research Group (CNRG) ITB, was appointed Head of the library. He had been leading the development of internet infrastructure in ITB and other universities in Indonesia under the AI3 Project Japan. Together with researchers of CNRG, they started to improve the use of information technology for libraries.

The first result was the implementation of a search engine for CDS/ISIS databases. ISIS-freeWAIS-0.5, a free software enables libraries to publish their CDS/ISIS catalogue databases on the net on top of a Unix box. More than a dozen libraries have published their databases using this search engine. Four libraries ITB, PDII LIPI, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, and IPB have their own servers and have established a CDS/ISIS network via the internet called ISISOnline.

In February1999, progress was presented at IWS-99 in Osaka, Japan by the author. The system has been well developed by the Knowledge Management Research Group (KMRG) ITB and can be found at http://isisonline.lib.itb.ac.id. KMRG is a new research group that was established by CNRG to support the development of information technology for ITB Central Library.

The success of the CDS/ISIS network development has brought the group to deeper research on the true digital library. They have been working on how to manage the intellectual capital owned by universities, research groups, and other institutions in an effective and easy manner; and how to exchange knowledge amongst each other. The result is the development of the Ganesha Digital Librarysm (GDL) system.

Ganesha Digital Library

In 1999, GDL version 1 and 2 was tested at the ITB Central Library. From the web browser, librarians can upload images, full text, audio, and video files into the GDL server. Researchers can browse the collection by categories, search the database and of course, download the files.

The project was a voluntary effort of students and staff. To improve the system, a proposal on “Developing Digital Library Network in Indonesia” was submitted to the International Development Research Centre, IDRC. Many institutions would be involved in the proposed project, such as ITB Central Library, ITB Master Program, LIPI, University of Brawijaya Malang, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, and some universities in Eastern Indonesia.

In June 2000, IDRC approved a research grant of CAD60,000 to cover the cost of system development, hardware procurement, training, installation, seminars, workshop, and dissemination of the results. The software of the digital library would be distributed as free software.

The first step in this project was developing a web site for an Indonesian Digital Library Network Task Force at http://idln.itb.ac.id. This site was launched in August 2000 and contained all the information about the project including objectives, methodology, plan, progress, mailing lists and results. ACCESS readers who are interested in this effort can join the mailing list and follow progress from the web site.

The provisional digital library system was called GDL version 3.0. This prototype was installed to serve the ITB community. Hundreds of undergraduate final project, Master theses, and Ph.D. theses have been uploaded into the server that can be accessed at http://digital.lib.itb.ac.id. The site was launched by the ITB Vice Rector in a Digital Library seminar on 2nd October 2000 that was attended by hundreds of librarians from many institutions in Indonesia.

It was the first seminar to spread widely the idea of an Indonesian Digital Library Network. The most important message was “Share our knowledge for our society’s welfare”. It appeared that many institutions accepted this and are eager to join the network.

A two day workshop in Bandung was conducted after the seminar to discuss the establishment of the Indonesia DLN, interoperable metadata standards, and other important issues. Forty people from 23 institutions attended it.


Beri Komentar ?#(0) | Bookmark

PropertiNilai Properti
ID PublisherJBPTITBPP
OrganisasiK
Nama KontakUPT Perpustakaan ITB
AlamatJl. Ganesha 10
KotaBandung
DaerahJawa Barat
NegaraIndonesia
Telepon62-22-2509118, 2500089
Fax62-22-2500089
E-mail Administratordigilib@lib.itb.ac.id
E-mail CKOinfo@lib.itb.ac.id

Print ...

Kontributor...

  • , Editor:

Download...